According to the OIV in 2019, there was a 10% drop in production, which could be anticipated given the high production verified in 2018 (after a historically low 2017 harvest). The value, still being an estimate, should represent about 263 mHl (between 258 and 267 mHl) about 20 mHl less when compared to the previous year.
This drop was mainly due to the low values declared in the Northern Hemisphere (whose fall will be -15%, compared to -5% in the Southern Hemisphere).
Spain, with a drop of 24%, France and Italy with falls of 15% each, determined the behaviour of the Northern hemisphere.
Portugal, in countercyclical, showed a growth of 10%, being accompanied by Russia (+ 7%) and Georgia (+ 1%).
In the southern hemisphere, where production reached 54 mHl (minus 3 mHl compared to 2018), the 6 largest producers, with the exception of RSA, which grew 3%, all showed a decrease.
The following graph presented and published by the OIV on October 31, illustrates well the behaviour of world production since 2000, with emphasis on the high volumes for 2004, 2013 and 2018, and very low in 2017.